Thursday, July 15, 2010

America Lacks an "Education Culture"

I just read a great article titled "The Real Challenge for Higher Education" by Garrison Walters that thoughtfully considers why America, once the most educated nation on earth, now ranks 11th in overall education levels when we focus on our younger student higher ed demographics (the article notes that the US is still second when focusing on our population overall).

While typically the reasons for the declining college graduation rates are excavated from the inner workings of institutions (professor motivation, learning methods, assessment, administration) and within our governmental structures (particularly funding), Garrison takes a different look at the problem and reveals a very important discussion. According to his argument, Americans lack a "pervasive education culture" which lays a context for an overall undervaluing of the linkage between economic and personal success and the attainment of a college degree. While I certainly don't want to suggest that we should, in any way, lose or focus on the dialogue around institutional and governmental reform around higher education, I think he has a worthy argument here that is relevant to every single one of us.

Try his experiment yourself. Ask a young college student why s/he is enrolled. How many respond, "I'm here because my parents made me enroll," or "I enrolled because my girlfriend did." I recall hearing some of those viewpoints while teaching at a community college ... but is that a new phenomenon? That's difficult to say.

Now spend some time thinking about how the social context in which a young person is raised informs his/her values. That thought really concerns me when I reflect on Garrison's argument. I have done some writing and presenting on generational differences in recent years and this has caused me to think about my own upbringing and how the events around me informed my viewpoints and overall values. My father, first of all, was the first of his family of 15 children to leave his hometown and travel across the country from New Jersey to the golden state of California to attain a college education. His gateway? Porterville Community College -- where college was free and open to all. That story, I believe, ingrained the importance of college inside me from an early age. I attended public K-12 schools and remember hearing some dialogue between my parents about budget cuts. My elementary school was closed and torn down to build great big houses. But, overall, I don't remember feeling affected by budget cuts until college when I had to battle to get a seat in classes. And then I'd often struggle understand what the point of each lecture was. I always gravitated towards the visual discipline of art and art history and I often think this is partially due to the challenges I felt trying to learn in a fully auditory lecture environment. I found my passion in life through college, particularly graduate school which provided me with my first opportunity to step in front of students. I'll never forget the fire that I felt inside of me that day.

Now as I watch my two young boys grow up in public schools in California, I often think about how the context of their educational experiences is informing their values of education. We talk frequently about college and ponder the opportunity of exploring their dreams in life. I don't focus a lot on the notion of "college = more money" which is the measurement too frequently used to define the value of a college degree. I want them to be motivated by their passion to learn and explore, rather than achieve a good income. That's part of our problem, as a country, I believe.

The other concern I have is more real to young students, as the effects are seen around them on a daily basis and they feel them more deeply. My boys' classroom teacher-to-student ratio has increased in the last year from 1:22 to 1:30, as a result of budget cuts. And they're in elementary school. This ratio is in place in kindergarten too. The classrooms are tight, hot, and kids are virtually on top of each other. Teachers spend more time than ever on discipline and class management and less time on learning; although they're held to meeting the exact same standards. A friend who teaches described her experience as "like playing 'Whack a Mole.'" How does that demonstrate and foster a value for learning in our young students?

This year my kids lost their computer lab assistant, library aid, and they're having an extra week of instruction cut out of the school year to avoid teacher layoffs.  Each family has been asked to contribute hundreds of dollars to help the school respond to the deficit.  Now I ask, "What kind of messages are these actions sending to our youngsters about our nation's value of education?" Clearly, children don't understand the big picture of how budgetary systems work. They see what's happening at their school and they these changes to one simple message: "school is not important."

Another huge contribution to youngster's valuing of education is media, also cited by Garrison. Any child who watches television today is exposed to a nauseating extreme to "the dream of being a celebrity." Disney Channel is an extreme example and one that parents still, too frequently, fall back on as "safe" due to the mythical idealism that Baby Boomers and Gen Xers associate with Disney.  The Disney Channel offering youngsters the "choice" to watch Hannah Montana live the "Best of Both Worlds" (a story about a teenage girl living on the beach in Malibu who dawns a blonde wig and night and lives a secret life as a rock star), The Suite Life of Zack and Cody (rich kids who used to live in a hotel and now live on a cruise ship), Sunny With a Chance (teenage girl who has left her family for a the chance of her life to star in a tv show in Hollywood, featuring comical scenes of classroom learning "between takes" when she can fit it in), and iCarly (a teenager with her own webcast and national following).  And let us not ignore the lack of diversity in the lead characters and perpetuation of gender stereotypes that are fostered through the viewing of these shows.


 These media fiascos cultivate dreams and values within our children. They teach our children that "success" is tied to fame, rather than learning and exploring the vast possibilities that await them in a college education. And these media messages carry directly over to overly commercialized music, as well. The Pussycat Dolls' (whose recent tour was titled "Doll Domination) "When I grow up" rants:

When I grow up
I wanna be famous
I wanna be a star
I wanna be in movies
When I grow up
I wanna see the world
Drive nice cars
I wanna have groupies
When I grow up
Be on TV
People know me
Be on magazines
When I grow up
Fresh and clean
Number one chick when I step out on the scene
And don't even get me started on their "Don't cha wish your girlfriend was hot like me?" which, by the way, is featured on a recent Kids Bop album sung by young girls and has also been played at my childrens' school during recess (I know this because my seven year old came home singing the lyrics).  Is this our vision of role models for young girls?  Is this our vision for how we want women to be valued?  Today the majority of the college population is female (many of whom struggle with body image issues and eating disorders -- hmmm, wonder why).  What's on the horizon for our next generation?

As you read the words on this screen, begin to shape an awareness of the role you play in fostering an education culture; you need to voice support for higher education across the board and effectively navigate our youth away from countless hours watching these media "heroes" while teaching them to actively deconstruct the messages they convey at the same time (an outcome of integrating "visual literacy" as a core 21st century skill).

We all need to crystal clear that America's success in this global, information society is contingent upon an educated population of individuals of different genders, races, and ethnicities who can think critically, offer innovative solutions to complex problems, present ideas orally and in writing, collaborate in diverse groups and demonstrate a sensitivity of cultural differences. This is fundamental to the success, both personal and economic, of our children as they emerge into adults, as well as our country. As Garrison notes,

"[F]ew among our political leaders appear to be thinking about education as a K to graduate system, and far too few appreciate the changing levels of knowledge needed to function effectively in today’s society. Once, Americans thought everyone should have around a fourth grade education, then the line gradually moved up to the eighth grade and finally to the end of high school. But the line of minimum necessity has long since crossed into higher education; now, if all you have is a high school diploma, you’re a knowledge economy dropout."
Honestly, to me, it seems that contributing to an adjustment of our culture's values of education is the one thread in this complexly interwoven ball of tangled hair that we all can directly affect starting right now.


Anonymous said...

Hi there....I was directed to your blog as a part of a summer technology camp I am taking part in for my school district.

A few things in your post jumped out at me. For one, I am one of those unfortunate teachers that did not escape the dreaded budget cuts. I was only in the district for a year, and it was my first year of teaching. Thankfully, I was able to secure another position in a different and more stable district. I do wonder how much my former students actually understand what is going on in their district. It happened to be the one I attended growing up, and I have vague memories of budget cuts and large classroom sizes. Overall, at the time, I didn't think was a big deal. But, as a teacher facing those same issues 15-20 years later, I felt at times I was simply babysitting my students because it was impossible to teach the things I truly wanted them to learn. In situations like those, my only hope is that there are still teachers like me who aren't jaded and still make the kids as their priority. I went into teaching because I love kids and I want to make their lives better. I can complain about the lack of funding as much as I want, but the truth is, the kids are still going to need me at the end of the day.

The other thing that jumped out at me is the media influence on kids these days. I am actually a media specialist (school librarian) so part of my job is to teach my students about new technology - not just books. Even though it is a great thing, my issue with technology is that it does make all of the media influences that much more available. A parent may think their child is just playing on the computer - but really they are visiting sites we are trying to keep them away from. I am astounded by the things kids know today relating to sex or drugs just because they see it on TV or the Internet. It is for this reason I spend a lot of time on Internet safety. I know it won't stop them from growing up too fast, but at least I can try!

donald said...

Great post student not a days that's they wish for to be famous or to be star.

Barry Brown said...

I love this post, Michelle!

I don't think we can point at any one thing and declare that that is why America has lost its will to learn. But consider these variables:

Even though actual income has gone up, the average American has less disposable income than they did 40 years ago. We have many more "necessities" today than we did in the 1960s. To be "successful" in America, one must have a car, cell phone, cable TV, Internet access, Netflix subscription, iPod, large home, big screen TV, etc. These all add up to a huge financial strain on fresh high school graduates. Consequently, I feel, there is enormous pressure to earn as much money as one can as quickly as possible. This has the effect of steering many college freshmen away from the more intellectual majors and toward the low-hanging vocational fruit, such as business where even someone with barely a college education can earn an impressive salary.

An excellent read is Newsweek's "Creativity Crisis". In short, the measurable creativity of Americans increased steadily until the 1990s and has been in a sharp decline since. We've become a nation of content consumers rather than content creators. I shudder to think of the eventual implications.

Not only have we devalued education, we've devalued creativity. The two go hand-in-hand. In the less vocational majors, we tackle the world's hard problems and often the reward is no more than a journal article. In the creative majors, we produce new content and few ever become wealthy doing it.

For the first time in the past hundred years or so, our children may me less financially well off than us. We will know what it's like to fix an appliance rather than buy a new one. We may actually outlive our children because they don't want to go outside, play, and be creative.

To turn this ship around, we have to convince the next generation that it's OK to not have an expensive car, an iPhone, a big house. I think that will require convincing ourselves of the same. Is it possible?

Anonymous said...

I too was directed to your blog as a part of a summer tech camp in my school district. As a mother of a 6,4 and 2 year old, I am constantly trying to instill a love for learning into each of my children for the benefit of learning, not so that they'll get a high-paying job when they graduate (yes, with a doctorate, I'm sure that will be the expectation by the time they get there).

I teach sixth grade in a highly respected and competitive school district and feel that for the past 5 years there's been a new 'vibe' amongst the kids that is a negative view of education. My first 10 years of teaching was full of students with a strong desire to learn and self-motivation. Now it feels like I have to have carrots dangling left and right to get students to 'buy into' their it the media, their parents, their peers, our society? It makes me nervous for the future.