I am a Californian. I grew up in the heart of Silicon Valley, in south San Jose in a beautiful area near the foothills of the Santa Cruz mountains area known as Almaden Valley. My father was a research chemist for more than 30-years at the IBM Research Lab and my mother raised me and my two sisters and was actively involved in our schools (I have a memory of a friend in elementary school asking me if my mom "owned the school" -- just a taste of how "involved" she was). Needless to say, the importance of education was instilled in me from early on. But what my parents actively instilled in me was more than just the importance of getting an "education."
My father came from a very poor family in New Jersey in which he was one of fifteen children. His mother died suddenly before he completed junior high and his father pushed him to work early to make money for the family. My dad grew up with a relentless passion for reading, one that has never ceased. He tells me stories about how he would be scolded for "wasting time" if his father discovered him reading a book, rather than "working." So to fulfill his passion for learning, he would take books from dumpsters while nobody was looking and read them under the covers by flashlight at night.
After high school, he tried diligently to get a college degree in New Jersey but it proved too challenging and expensive. He couldn't seem to work enough hours during the day as a mechanic to still have time and energy to go to school and study at night. And then something magical occurred. There was a football coach who was spreading a magical story about schools in California giving away college educations for free. These magical wonderlands were referred to as "community colleges."
My father gave up everything in his home town -- he quit his job, said good-bye to his friends and family, and left town in his car with only dollars in his pocket. He drove across the country to a small town in California called Porterville where he attended Porterville Community College. He began taking classes there, for free. He was the first in his family to graduate from high school and now he was the first to be attending college. He fulfilled the requirements for his AA degree and then moved on to San Jose State, part of the now 23-campus CSU system, where he complete both an undergraduate degree and master's degree. Then he proceed out of state to Iowa State where he successfully completed his PhD in Chemistry. My dad is, to me, the greatest community college success story that exists.
Rarely do we think of a community college contributing to a college student's success when we hear of him earning a PhD. But if you were to ask my dad which institution was the most critical to his success, he would tell you it was Porterville Community College, no doubt. In fact, just a couple of years ago, he returned to the campus with two classmates, roughly 50 years after they graduated, just to pay homage to the campus that granted them access to education. If it wasn't for Porterville CC, that PhD would have been nothing other than a day dream in the mind of a tired car mechanic in New Jersey. My dad's story reminds me everyday why community colleges' commitment to affordable access to higher education by all is so very crucial to supporting success to the future of our country. And I think of his story each time I read a story about the current California budget cuts, respond to a former student who wants me to write a letter of recommendation for applications, or look into the eyes of my two young children and wonder about their own futures.
Imagine, just imagine, how many students in the next few years alone will be squeezed out of the higher education system in California due to the current budget crisis. Just this year, public higher ed institutions have coped with over $1 billion in budget cuts. Over two years, these cuts are projected to reach the $3 billion mark -- it's going to get much worse, folks.
Community colleges in California are already stretched beyond their current budget capacity. The public needs to clearly understand that a crowded community college does not receive the money from student tuition. This money is returned directly to the California general fund. CCCs are funded based on a growth formula determined by the state. If a college exceeds the growth they are allotted, they are serving students they don't have money to support. In other words, community colleges do not financially benefit from crowded classrooms. That's the harsh reality of community colleges.
CSUs and UCs seem to be in dismal situations as well for the near future. CSUs are squeezing out students for the 2010-11 academic year. Applications are currently being accepted for Fall 2010 but marketing efforts clearly suggest that students should expect the application doors to close early due to the large volume coming in early and the reduced number of seats available next year. Fresno State students organized a walkout in mid October to protest the cuts to the CSU system and higher edu, overall. According to the blog of Diane Blair, Communication Professor at CSU Fresno:
For the first time in Fresno State’s history all admissions, including transfers, have been canceled for the spring semester. In Fall 2010, the university announced that it will reduce enrollment by approximately 400 eligible students. The CSU system-wide is calling for a reduction of enrollment by 40,000 students over the next two years. High school students who have been told that if they do well in school they can earn a college degree are facing a broken promise because meeting the minimum eligibility requirements will no longer guarantee a student a place in the CSU.
Do they look angry? You would be too if you were potentially now being squeezed out of a higher educational system that has raised your tuition 182% since 2002. Not quite the "golden state" anymore, is it?
I can't say that I fully understand how we got ourselves into this mess but we need to understand what we're doing to our future, to the future of our children, by cutting educational funding. No cost to low-cost higher education, which is the type of learning community colleges provided in the 1960s in a face-to-face environment, offers everyone an opportunity to learn, to broaden their opportunities, to challenge their minds, and reach for a life beyond the social confinements they identify as their only "reality."
Pat Morrison's public radio broadcast, "State of the State," featuring interviews with Bonnie Rice, UC Regent and partner in the Pegasus Sustainable Century Merchant Bank, and William Hauck, current member and former Chairman, Board of Trustees, California State University and President, California Business Roundtable, is an excellent resource for understanding the magnitude of the cuts to the future economic situation of California -- although, listening to it was more bone chilling than any halloween movie I've seen yet this year. According to Hauck, recent reports indicate that the budget cuts are projecting that the state of California will have a deficit of 1,000,000 baccalaureate degrees by 2025. The natural result of this will be for businesses to leave California and begin to prosper in other regions of the nation that appropriately invest in producing an effective workforce. This really does affect all of us in California.
I began this post with a local slant and I'm going to finish it there too. I am concerned about the future of country and my state and, more specifically, the amazingly innovative fabric of Silicon Valley that I love so dearly. I wonder, are the CEOs of the high tech giants in our region concerned about the pinch on higher education in California? Or not? Are you concerned enough to foster partnerships with higher education to offset these unprecedented budget cuts? Clearly, moving forward, in the best interests of our students -- and the future of our state -- will take an innovative mindset and, really, isn't Silicon Valley the mecca of the world for entrepreneurial thinking? Can't we utilize the strengths of our own community to get us through this challenge? Every great entrepreneur understands that within turmoil and tragedy there lies tremendous opportunity. Can't we find a better way within this train wreck to collaborate, to partner, to serve the needs of the future generations of this amazing state that has so much to offer? I can't bear to see California, the state that symbolized the pathway to learning and opportunity to my own father just forty years ago, begin to crumble away.
Students, hang in there. Don't lose your passion. You will achieve your dream. Please feel free to share your stories. We need to hear them.